American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.4 No.8(), Article ID,7 pages DOI/ajps Chemical Compositions of Lonchocarpus. PDF | On Jan 1, , Dorcas Olufunke Moronkola and others published Chemical Compositions of Lonchocarpus cyanescens Benth. Yoruba indigo (Philenoptera cyanescens syn. Lonchocarpus cyanescens). The Yoruba indigo vine, known locally as èlú, is a large forest liana but if unable to.

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Partitioning of methanol extract from dried leaf of it with ethylacetate gave fraction, which was chromatographed using gradient elution. Visit our blog on Blogspot. Yoruba indigo contains indigotin, the same pigment as in Asian cyansscens Indigofera tinctoria but in smaller amounts.

A triterpene component of the plant has been found active against arthritis [2,12,13]. Bright green, flat pods, pointed at each end, are fully formed by July, enclosing seeds which each form a gnarled bulge in the pod. Standard methods such as N. The extract was concentrated ponchocarpus give dark green solid Above mentioned metabolites may lonchocatpus responsible for literature acclaimed bio-activities L.

Thus, this investigation provides evidence that may justify the ethnomedicinal applications of Lonchocarpus cyanescens as the major constituent of the recipe used for the management of psychosis in Nigeria.

The effect of the extracts on spontaneous motor activity was also studied in the open field test in mice. Work is ongoing on other aspects of L.

Results show seven compounds were responsible for See images of our work on Flickr. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, loncnocarpus permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Lonchocarpus cyanescens

Oleanane derivatives and glycyrrhetinic acid are responsible for the antiinflammatory properties and relief of peptic ulcers observed in L. Partitioning of methanol extract of dried leaf of Lonchocarpus cyanescens with ethylacetate gave the ethylacetate extract, which was chromatographed using gradient elution. However, in contrast to chlorpromazine, a typical antipsychotic, the extracts did not induce cataleptic behaviour in the animals. Lonchocarpus cyanescens LC is a medicinal plant commonly used in combination with other recipes in the treatment of psychotic disorders in traditional medicine.

In Nigeria, this decoction is used to treat arthritic conditions, venereal diseases and diarrhea. The essential oils were procured in 0. The antipsychotic effects of the extracts were assessed using the amphetamine animal model of psychosis in rats.

A decoction of leafy twigs and roots is given to women during or after childbirth and is also taken as an aphrodisiac.

Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. As the pods ripen at the end of the rainy season, they turn lonchocarrpus and grey-brown with an iridescent sheen and a clearly visible network of raised veins.

There are no pictures available for this datasheet If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact: Chemical composition of the essential oil of Lonchocarpus cyanescens leaf.

Phytochemical screenings indicated extracts contain seven important classes of secondary metabolites which are saponin, tannin, steroid, terpenoid, cardiac glycoside, phlobatannins and flavonoids Table 4. The two oils contain hydrocarbons [L 6. Cyanesxens fractions as determined by TLC were pooled together giving 10 combined fractions.

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More plant samples lonchoocarpus extractions were obtained from a farmland in the University of Ibadan Campus, Nigeria and identified by Dr. In Benin, leaf sap is drunk against intestinal disorders and dysentery.

Lonchocarpus cyanescens

It belongs to the family Sterculiaceae and is common in semi-deciduous rainforests from Sierra Leone to Gabon and Congo, including secondary forests where it may fill gaps as a pioneer species. Leguminosae—Papilionoideae, Fabaceae is a deciduous scan dent shrub [].

The presence of these secondary metabolites was confirmed by thin-layer chromatography. Don’t need the entire report? More leaf of L. Bioactivity effects of Lonchocarpus cyanescens have been demonstrated in its anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and its relief on ulcer.

The African whitewood Triplochiton scleroxylonknown as arere in Yoruba and obeche in Bini, is a large fast-growing tree, reaching 65 m ftusually with a straight trunk and buttresses up to about 8 m 26 ft high.

Ground root is applied to yaws and washing with water containing powdered root helps to cure sores [5, 8,10,11]. Methanol extract 10 g was further partitioned between aqueous methanol and ethylacetate to give the ethylacetate fraction. These prostaglandins inhibit gastric secretion but stimulate pancreatic secretion and mucous secretion in the intestines.

The triterpenes act against arthritis [2,11,12,15,16]. Taken together, these cyansscens suggest that the extracts possess phytochemically active constituents with antipsychotic property.

American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.