1. Neurosurg Rev. Jul;32(3); discussion doi: /s Epub May The Canon of Medicine (Kitab al-Qanun fi al-tibb) by Ibn Sina (the illuminated opening of the 4th book). A rare complete copy made in Iran probably at the begin. A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one.

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The first mention of carotid artery hypersensitivity”. The second book is on simple drugs and materia medica in alphabetical order. William Osler described the Canon as “the most famous medical textbook ever written”, noting that it remained “a medical bible for a longer time than any other work.

Price realised GBP 20, Confusingly, there appear to have been two men called Gerard of Cremona, both translators of Arabic texts into Latin. Canon describes humans as having eight different “varieties of equipoise”, or differing temperaments.

The Canon of Medicine Arabic: Theories and Substances” PDF.

The Canon contains seven rules for experimenting with new drugs, taken partly from Galen. Retrieved from ” https: It contains some of the most cil thoughts pertaining to distinction of mediastinitis from pleurisy; contagious nature of phthisis; distribution of diseases by water and soil; careful description of skin troubles; of sexual diseases and perversions; of nervous ailments.

The drawing of Ibn Sina on a Libyan stamp. Part of a series on.

Ibn Sīnā (c CE; c AH) – The James Lind Library The James Lind Library

Avicenna’s poem on medicine. One is brutal spirit residing in the vil and it is the origin of all spirits. Avicenna calls this humour “the most excellent of all” [8]: The Canon continues to explain the sun’s position in relation to ideal temperament and the role that climate and human skin play. Our copy includes the first, second fiil fifth books. Other articles Bracken MB The generation and nourishment of proper soul takes place in the heart; it resides in the heart and arteries, and is transmitted from the tbb to the organs through the arteries.

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This expanded theory of four temperaments is given in the following table: Sara Plumbly splumbly christies. There are only four because something cannot be simultaneously hotter and colder or drier and moister. The period up to the limit of growth of the body to the beginning of adult life. If we try it on a hot disease, such as diurnal fever, it would also have a beneficial effect because it gets rid of yellow bile. Qnun 2 the Materia Medica of the Canon alphabetically lists about “simple” medical substances that were used at the time.

Both Ibn Sina and al-Razi warned against catheterization in the gil of inflammation, as it increases the swelling and pain.

Padova; Editoriale Programma, ; p He defined medicine tibb as tubb. We see Ibn Sina not concerned here with any specific kind of teaching, but merely with creating a happy childhood as regards physical, mental and moral health. The Canon of Medicine is based upon the Four Humours of Hippocratic medicine, but refined in various ways. Avicenna generalizes youth as having a “hot” temperament, but comments that there is controversy over which periods of youth are hotter.

Avicenna says that the hand, especially the palm and the tip of the index finger, is the most sensitive of all and attuned to tactile contact.

The Canon of Medicine

One of these aspects, however, has not been very widely discussed, namely his views on education. Avicenna separates these into two categories, which are fairly self explainable within the context of what he had already defined as the temperaments. This section describes blood and compares its healthy states with its unhealthy states.


Ibn Sina was a prolific writer; he wrote even under trying circumstances such as in prison. He favoured proven remedies which had been tested through experience, cautioning that compounds could have unexpected or much stronger effects than might be qanyn from the effects of the individual components.

Beatrice Campi bcampi christies. This action represents both the direct and the accidental benefit of the drug. In addition, qann we consider that Ibn Sina undertook teaching on a practical level for a considerable length of time, we realize that we have here a thinker whose philosophy was transformed into an educational theory that he himself practiced.

The temperaments are reported to be the interaction between the four different element’s qualities, such as the conflict between dryness, wetness, cold, and hot. It is a literal translation, yet most of the terms of Arabic origin that are qanhn in it have different meanings from those of today. Vital, Natural, sl Animal [13].

What is more, it also refers to subjects such as obesity and emaciation that affect the appearance, and preventive methods and measures for all of these are discussed. Contact Client Service info christies.