Cockroft Walton Voltage Multipliers. The classic multistage diode/capacitor voltage multipler, popularized by Cockroft and Walton, is probably the most popular. Abstract—This paper primarily describes a Cockcroft Walton voltage multiplier circuit. The objective of the project is to design a voltage multiplier which should. For now I’ll thoroughly explain principle part and its assumptions. First assume that voltage doubler and cw multlipier is not loaded. Voltage doubler circuit: Let at .

Author: Mulkis Dale
Country: Australia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 26 October 2016
Pages: 105
PDF File Size: 6.14 Mb
ePub File Size: 15.66 Mb
ISBN: 363-4-45982-762-1
Downloads: 32609
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kiramar

This is particularly useful when the charging stack capacitors are significantly smaller than the output filter capacitors.

CW multipliers are typically used to develop higher voltages for relatively low-current applications, such as bias voltages ranging from tens or hundreds of volts to millions of volts for high-energy physics experiments or lightning safety testing. The CW multiplier has the disadvantage of having very poor voltage regulation, that is, the voltage drops rapidly as a function the output current.

Cockroft Walton Voltage Multipliers

The high ripple means that there is a signficant energy spread in the ion beam, though, and for applications where low ripple is important at megavolt potentials, electrostatic systems like Van de Graaf and Pelletron machines are preferred.

In some applications, an addtional capacitor stack is connected to the output capacitor stack in the above design. Views Read Volltage View history. Using only capacitors and diodes, these voltage multipliers can step up relatively low voltages to extremely high values, while at the same time being far lighter and cheaper than transformers. The no-load output voltage is twice the peak input voltage dalton by the number of stages N or equivalently the peak-to-peak input voltage swing V occkroft times the number of stages.


This circuit can be extended to any number of stages. The sag can be reduced by increasing the capacitance in the lower stages, and the ripple can by reduced by increasing the frequency of the input and by using a square covkroft. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Cockcroft—Walton circuits are still used in particle accelerators.

Retrieved from ” https: It has the advantage of requiring relatively mltiplier components and being easy to multipllier. An Introduction to Mechanics 2nd ed. It has the advantage of requiring relatively low cost components and being easy to insulate. Assume the circuit is powered by an alternating voltage V i with a peak value of V pand initially the capacitors are uncharged.

A modification to the classic CW multiplier, popularized by XXX, uses two charging stacks driven by out of phase input voltages.

Cockcroft–Walton generator

All the capacitors are charged to a voltage of 2 V pexcept for C1which is charged to V p. With each change in input polarity, current flows up the “stack” of capacitors through the diodes, until they are all charged. It is quite popular for relatively low powered particle accelerators for injecting into another accelerator, particularly for heavy ions.

The key to the voltage multiplication is that while the capacitors are charged in parallel, they are connected to the load in series. In some applications, this is an advantage. By driving the CW from a high-frequency source, such as an inverteror a combination of an inverter and HV transformer, the overall physical size and weight of the CW power supply can be substantially reduced.


One way to look at the circuit is that it functions as a charge “pump”, pumping electric charge in one direction, up the stack of capacitors.

This page was last edited on 18 Decemberat The output nultiplier Eout is nominally the twice the peak input voltage Eac multiplied by the number of stages, 4 in the above diagram. This is particularly popular in electrostatic accelerator applications and high voltage x-ray systems, where low ripple desired.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For this reason, this doubler cascade is sometimes also referred to as the Greinacher multiplier. This article cockrlft additional citations for verification. In a full-wave rectifier it is three times the input voltage. As the number of stages is increased, the voltages of the higher stages begin to “sag”, primarily due to the electrical impedance of the capacitors in the lower stages.

For these reasons, CW multipliers with large number of stages are used only where relatively low output current is required. Increasing the frequency can dramatically reduce the ripple, and the voltage drop under load, which accounts for the popularity driving a multipler stack with a switching power supply.